This chart summarizes the interest rates, loan limits, and other terms for federal student loans issued from July 1, 2022 through June 30, 2023.
Basic Eligibility Requirements
U.S. citizens or permanent residents, enrolled at least half time in a qualified program at a participating school, and not in default on a prior federal student loan. Total aid, including student loans, cannot exceed the school’s total cost of attendance (tuition and fees, room and board, transportation, personal and miscellaneous expenses). FAFSA required.
Subsidized Stafford Loan: Available only to undergraduate students on the basis of financial need. No credit check required. The federal government covers the interest on these loans while borrowers are enrolled at least half time and for six months after they are no longer enrolled at least half time. Monthly payments are not required until six months after leaving school.
Unsubsidized Stafford Loan: Available to undergraduate and graduate students regardless of financial need. No credit check required. Interest is charged throughout the life of the loan. Monthly payments are not required until six months after leaving school.
Annual Loan Limits
Dependent undergraduates (most students under the age of 24): $5,500 as freshmen (including up to $3,500 subsidized); $6,500 as sophomores (including up to $4,500 subsidized); $7,500 as juniors and beyond (including up to $5,500 subsidized).
Independent undergraduates (students age 24 or older) and dependent students whose parents are unable to obtain PLUS Loans: $9,500 as freshmen (including up to $3,500 subsidized); $10,500 as sophomores (including up to $4,500 subsidized); $12,500 as juniors and beyond (including up to $5,500 subsidized).
Graduate students: $20,500 (or $40,500 for certain medical training).
Aggregate Loan Limits
Dependent students: $31,000. Independent undergraduates and dependent students whose parents are unable to obtain PLUS Loans: $57,500. Graduate and professional students: $138,500 (or $224,000 for certain medical training) including undergraduate borrowing.
The interest rate for undergraduate Stafford loans, both subsidized and unsubsidized, is 4.99%. Rates are fixed for the life of the loan. (For more, see How Interest Rates are Determined.)
The interest rate for unsubsidized Stafford loans made to graduate students is 6.54%. Rates are fixed for the life of the loan. (For more, see How Interest Rates are Determined.)
1.057% if first disbursed on or after October 1, 2020 and before October 1, 2023.
Parent PLUS: Loans to parents of dependent students to help pay for undergraduate education. Parents are responsible for all principal and interest.
Grad PLUS: Additional loans (beyond Stafford loans) to graduate and professional degree students to help cover education expenses.
Additional Eligibility Requirements
Available regardless of financial need to parents of dependent students (Parent PLUS) and to graduate and professional students (Grad PLUS). Credit check required. The credit requirement can be met by a cosigner. May require a separate application in addition to the FAFSA.
Total cost of attendance minus other financial aid. No aggregate maximum.
7.54% (For more, see How Interest Rates are Determined.)
4.228% if first disbursed on or after October 1, 2020 and before October 1, 2023.
How Interest Rates are Determined
All Stafford and PLUS loans originated since July 1, 2006 have fixed rates. Since 2013, fixed rates for new loans are set each year based on the 10-year Treasury note following the May auction (2.94% for 2022-23) plus a set margin of 2.05 percentage points for undergraduate Stafford, 3.60 points for graduate Stafford, and 4.60 points for PLUS loans. Although rates for new loans are set each year, rates are fixed for the life of the loan.
For older Stafford and PLUS loans with variable rates, interest rates change annually on July 1, based on the last 91-day Treasury auction in May.
Rate Reduction for Automatic Electronic Payments
Borrowers can receive a 0.25% interest rate reduction if they sign up for auto debit payments online.
Deferments for Unemployment or Economic Hardship
Borrowers may defer payments for up to three years. For Parent PLUS, Grad PLUS, and unsubsidized Stafford Loans, interest continues to accrue. For more about other repayment options, see studentaid.gov.
Income-Driven Repayment Plans
There are several income-driven repayment plans that can help keep payments manageable by capping them at a low percentage of the borrower’s income: Revised Pay As You Earn (REPAYE), Income-Based Repayment (IBR), Pay As You Earn (PAYE), and Income Contingent Repayment (ICR). Borrowers who make payments based on their income can receive a discharge of any remaining student debt after 20 or 25 years of payments. For more information about these plans and to estimate monthly loan payments, see studentaid.gov/idr.
Public Service and Teacher Loan Forgiveness
Public Service Loan Forgiveness is available after 10 years of qualifying payments and employment, only for Direct Loans (excluding Parent PLUS). The Teacher Loan Forgiveness Program (Stafford only) is available for loans in both the Direct and FFEL programs. All federal loans issued since July 1, 2010 are Direct Loans. Teachers with Perkins loans may be eligible for a loan cancellation if they meet certain requirements. More information for teachers can be found at studentaid.gov.
Borrowers with Direct and/or FFEL loans can convert them into a Direct Consolidation loan. There is no fee. Depending on the borrower’s total debt, repayment periods can vary from 10 to 30 years. For more information, or to apply online, see studentaid.gov.
As of July 1, 2022, federal student loan payments, interest, and collections are paused due to the COVID-19 pandemic. for more information, please the Department of
Education’s website at studentaid.gov/announcements-events/covid-19.
For more information about federal student aid, please visit the Department of Education’s website at studentaid.gov.
Last updated 6/28/22